Help for people who suffer seasonal and pandemic depression

“I went through a depressive swing. It was unbearable,” she says. Eventually, Hornickel told her roommate she wanted to die.

Since then, Hornickel has been in a partial hospitalization program to treat suicidal ideation, depression and bipolar disorder, and she recognizes that her initial reaction to quarantine was a manic episode. Although she’s doing a lot better, there’s a nagging worry: wintertime.

“For me, personally, the nighttime is really hard,” Hornickel says. “And when there’s not sunlight and sunshine and things to do — at that time in the winter — it definitely compounds those feelings.”

Hornickel is describing seasonal depression, known as seasonal affective disorder, or SAD. It’s a type of depression that occurs when it gets colder, there’s less light and it’s more difficult to get outside. Mental health experts worry that, because the pandemic has already triggered depressive symptoms in many Americans, more people will experience seasonal depressive symptoms this winter. 

A survey study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association in September found that U.S. adults were reporting levels of depressive symptoms more than three times higher during the pandemic than before it. A survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in June yielded similar results, with more U.S. adults reporting adverse mental health symptoms, particularly in young adults, racial and ethnic minorities and essential workers. (On the flip side, a survey done of U.S. teens from May to July found that teens actually fared well when it came to depression and loneliness.)

The American Psychological Association has seen a sharp increase in suicidal ideation, particularly among young adults, during the pandemic, according to Vaile Wright, senior director of health-care innovation. “I think that’s, in large part, due to the level of uncertainty around covid,” she says. While most disasters have a beginning, middle and end, she adds, the pandemic has continued — with no end in sight. 

Summer offered a bit of a respite. As evidence mounted that socializing outdoors is safer, “I think people really relied on their ability to take advantage of the nice weather,” Wright says. But the coming winter months will probably complicate how people are experiencing depression, whether they also suffer from SAD or not, experts say.

Although only a small percentage of people typically report seasonal depression (most estimates put it at 6 percent of the U.S. population for severe symptoms and 14 percent for mild symptoms), Wright says she wouldn’t be surprised if there’s another increase in depressive symptoms among the population in general as the cold weather compounds social isolation.

Lisa Carlson, president of the American Public Health Association, agrees. According to Carlson, seasonal depression is more common in people who have a history of depression. “It may be the people who are at risk of seasonal affective disorder may be the same people for whom covid has already triggered depression,” she says. “So, we may have a lot of overlap in those people.” Carlson also says seasonal depression and clinical depression

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5 factors make it more likely you’ll suffer long term

Blood collection specialist Niilo Juntunen removes the IV from recovered coronavirus patient Monica Jacobs as she finishes donating convalescent plasma at the Central Seattle Donor Center of Bloodworks Northwest during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) global outbreak, in Seattle, Washington, September 2, 2020.

Lindsey Wasson | Reuters

A new study has identified the main factors that make it more likely that patients will suffer long term from the coronavirus.

“Long Covid” is the term given to people who recover from coronavirus but continue to suffer from a wide range of symptoms, such as shortness of breath, migraines and chronic fatigue.

A new analysis by researchers at King’s College London, using data from the COVID Symptom Study app, shows that 1 in 20 people with Covid-19 are likely to suffer symptoms for at least eight weeks.  

The study, published Wednesday, looked at data from 4,182 users of the COVID Symptom Study app who had tested positive for the virus and had been consistently logging their health.

The team found that older or overweight people, women, those with asthma and those with a greater number of different symptoms in the first week of their illness were more likely to develop “long Covid.”

Risk factors

Delving into the risk factors more closely, the study by King’s researchers found that long Covid affects around 10% of 18-49 year olds who become unwell with Covid-19, with the percentage of people affected rising to 22% for the over-70s.

Weight also plays a role, with it affecting people with a slightly higher average BMI (body mass index).

Women were much more likely to suffer from long Covid than men (14.5% compared with 9.5%), but only in the younger age group.

The researchers also found that people reporting a wide range of initial symptoms were more likely to develop long Covid, as were people with asthma, although there were no clear links to any other underlying health conditions.

As for the commonly reported symptoms of long Covid, the research identified two main symptom groupings; One was dominated by respiratory symptoms such as a cough and shortness of breath, fatigue and headaches.

The second grouping “was clearly multi-system, affecting many parts of the body, including the brain, gut and heart,” King’s noted.

Predictive model

The researchers have now used these findings, which are due to be published as a pre-print on Medrxiv (distributes unpublished eprints about health sciences) and have not yet been peer-reviewed, to develop a model that can predict who is most at risk of long Covid by looking at an individual’s age, gender, and count of early symptoms.

The lead researchers, Dr. Claire Steves and Professor Tim Spector, said the research could be used to help target early interventions and research aimed at preventing and treating long Covid.

“It’s important we use the knowledge we have gained from the first wave in the pandemic to reduce the long-term impact of the second,” Steves, a clinical academic and senior author of the study, noted.

“This research could already

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Do You Also Suffer From the Terror of Dentist?

Whenever someone talks about dentists in front of you an image of a room with a patient sitting on a long relaxing chair with open mouth and dentists inserting forceps in mouth of the patient and taking X-rays and conducting various examinations of patients. If this is the reason of your fear, then it is a sign that you are going through a phobia which has stuck almost every next person sitting close to you in its grab and you need to get rid of this phobia at your own end. Teeth constitutes an important part of our body and little negligence towards the health of teeth might result in serious problems. And the surprising cause of human nature which is almost common in every person is that all of us want our teeth to be strong and healthy throughout our life.

But as every machinery depreciate due to regular wear and tear process similarly the strength of our teeth deprecates due to continue functioning and they need necessary care for enjoying longevity. But without visiting any dentist, how you can expect to enjoy the pleasure of having strong teeth, which are free from infection of cavities and germs. Although all of us brush twice a day to protect them from any kind of infections, but surprisingly lots of us even do not know the exact method of cleaning teeth and a little mistake is enough to pull ourselves towards any serious dental problem.

There are lots of persons who consider an oral problem as normal problem and get it treated with conventional remedies. Of-course they succeed in getting rid of their problem to a huge extent, but it does not offer them the true solution to their problem and after some time they again found themselves caught with the same issue. If you think that in future also you will relax from your dental problem from any of the residential remedies then you will be cheating yourself because if unfortunately you get infected by any of the serious issues at that time you will realize the value which you will have to pay for ignoring your visit to the dentist. Imagine if you ignored small pain in your teeth and get it removed by taking any tablet and after three, four years if you have to visit doctors due to the pain and if your dentists ask you to extract your teeth as it is spoiling the health of remaining teeth, what will be your reaction.

To get rid of your phobia the best way is to get yourself mentally and emotionally ready for all types of situations and conditions which you might witness while you visit any of the dentists. It would be better to look people around you include your friends, neighbors, colleagues, relatives who have already undergone any kind of dental treatment. You should collect information about that particular dentist from them and try to understand the process of his treatment the way he treats with …

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