‘Big parties are off’ this holiday season, Ontario eyes loosening some restrictions

For more on today’s top stories and the spread of the novel coronavirus across the country, please refer to our live updates below throughout the day, as well as our COVID-19 news hub.

Public Health Agency of Canada
Public Health Agency of Canada

Newly released short-term COVID-19 forecasting shows that by Nov. 8, Canada could see between 10,285 and 10,400 deaths, and between 251,800 and 262,000 cases.

Public Health Agency of Canada
Public Health Agency of Canada

When looking at how the epidemic may evolve in Canada over the next month, the key message from Dr. Theresa Tam, Canada’s chief public health officer, is that Canadians need to limit their contacts.

“If we increase or if we even maintain our current rate of contact with others, the epidemic in Canada is forecasted to continue increasing steeply,” Dr. Tam said. “To bend the epidemic curve and reduce transmission to lower levels…we must really reduce our number of contacts as much as possible.”

She indicated that this includes limiting everyday contacts to our households, as much as possible, maintaining physical distancing, good hygiene practices and in areas where the infection rate is high, restrictions and closures may be needed for a period of time to slow the spread of the virus.

“We held our lead on COVID-19 for some time but since resuming more activities over the summer and perhaps slipping on a few of our key dance steps — consistent physical distancing, exemplary hygiene and mask wearing — some of us have lost our lead,” Dr. Tam said. “I know Canadians can dance and take back the lead again.”

“This virus will cut in anywhere and at anytime we let it. So let’s get back in the dance and take the lead.”

Public Health Agency of Canada
Public Health Agency of Canada

Canada’s COVID-19 cases remain above “peak levels” in the first wave in the spring, with an average of almost 2,800 cases reported daily in the past week. Ontario and Quebec significantly impact the national curve with over 75 per cent of all cases in Canada since the beginning of the pandemic.

Public Health Agency of Canada
Public Health Agency of Canada

“The growth in Quebec case counts has appeared to gradually stabilize but still averaging around 1,000 cases daily during recent weeks,” Dr. Tam highlighted. “At the same time, over the past two weeks, British Columbia, the Prairie provinces and Ontario have all marked their highest daily case counts since the beginning of the pandemic.”

Public Health Agency of Canada
Public Health Agency of Canada

As of Oct. 8, 19 health regions reported more than 50 cases per 100,000. That number had almost doubled by Oct. 27, with 34 health regions reporting more than 50 cases per 100,000.

Dr. Tam also highlighted that 26 Indigenous communities are now reporting two or more active cases.

Public Health Agency of Canada
Public Health Agency of Canada

Although COVID-19 cases have mostly been seen in Canadians between the ages of 20 to 39 recently, Canada is now seeing a “concerning rise” in incidents among people 80 years of age and older, which are particularly at risk of severe illness

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Rash around eyes: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

A rash can develop around the eyes for different reasons, including dermatological conditions and infections. Examples include atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, and cellulitis.

Doctors may find it difficult to diagnose skin problems around the eyes because many conditions may cause a rash. To diagnose a rash around the eyes, doctors require a detailed examination of the affected area and complete medical history.

Keep reading to learn more about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of a rash around the eyes.

Eczema is a chronic skin condition. Doctors have identified several different types of eczema, one example being atopic dermatitis (AD).

AD is a skin condition that usually appears in childhood and can develop on any area of the body, including the face and around the eyes.

The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) state that researchers have identified the following factors that may play a role in causing AD:

People with AD may have an itchy rash. The AAD state that typically a person may first experience itchy skin. When a person scratches, a rash begins to appear.

The appearance of AD can vary depending on how old the person is:

In babies

In infants, the rash typically appears on the cheeks, scalp, and face. The skin may become dry or scaly. Sometimes, the rash may form blisters and then ooze and weep fluid.

In children

Children may develop AD in the elbow and feet creases. Other locations include:

  • neck
  • wrists
  • ankles
  • crease between buttocks and legs

Some accompanying symptoms in children may include:

  • bumpy-looking skin
  • darkened or lightened skin around the area of the rash
  • thickened or leathery skin

In adults

Approximately 2–3% of adults experience AD.

If it persists into adulthood, people may have fewer rashes. However, they tend to have:

  • extremely dry skin
  • skin that is easily irritated
  • hand eczema
  • eczema on the eyelids
  • cataracts

Adults with AD around the eyes may have darker, thickened skin circling the eyes, which may be very itchy.

Treatment

A person can make changes to their skin care routine and use certain medications to help treat AD.

Learn more about the treatment options for AD here.

Contact dermatitis is another type of eczema. There are two types of contact dermatitis:

Allergic contact dermatitis

Allergic contact dermatitis occurs when a person comes into contact with an allergen, such as:

  • nickel
  • latex
  • poison ivy
  • makeup

Symptoms include:

Irritant contact dermatitis

Irritant contact dermatitis occurs when a person comes into contact with something that damages the skin, such as:

Symptoms of irritant contact dermatitis include dry and chapped skin. If the exposure to the irritant continues, a person may notice inflamed, scaly, and swollen patches of skin.

Treatment

Treatment for either type of contact dermatitis may include antihistamines, moisturizers, and topical corticosteroid creams.

According to the British Association of Dermatologists, seborrheic means that the rash affects greasy skin zones. Seborrheic blepharitis affects the eyelids.

Seborrheic blepharitis typically occurs due to an overgrowth called Malassezia, which is a type of harmless yeast. It can also occur due

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