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The varicose veins are twisted, enlarged veins. They are blue or purple-colored bulged veins that appear on one’s legs. Any vein can become varicose, but most probably, they appear in the lower extremities since standing and walking puts more pressure on the veins. This results in veins to twist and enlarge.
What causes varicose veins
The normal function of a leg vein is to carry blood back to the heart. When walking, the calf muscle functions as a pump. It compresses the leg veins, forcing blood back to the heart. To ensure that the blood is flowing in the right direction, veins have one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing backward.
If the valves fail, the blood might flow back into superficial veins and back down the leg. This process is called reflux. It causes veins to twist and enlarge hence becoming varicose. Varicose veins lose the ability to snap back to their original shape and become more plastic than elastic.
If you’re battling with this health condition, consult with a healthcare facility that offers sclerotherapy therapy for varicose & spider veins and other necessary services.
Risk Factors for Varicose Veins
Now that you know what varicose veins are and what causes them, it’s time to discuss significant risk factors associated with this health condition.
Age is among the most significant risk factors for varicose veins. Typically, older people are more likely to get varicose veins. Due to aging, veins tend to tear and wear. However, young people can also suffer from varicose veins.
Both men and women suffer from varicose veins, although women are more susceptible varicose veins. Changes in hormones during menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause may increase the chances of developing the condition. This is because female hormones cause vein walls to relax. These issues are female exclusive, therefore, raising the factor for women.
Weight is another important risk factor for developing the varicose veins. If the person is obese, this increase their blood pressure. The excess fat tends to increase the pressure on the vascular system of the leg. This causes irregularities when the blood is flowing through the veins. The blood then pools, which results in the condition by weakening the vein walls.
Pregnancy is a significant risk factor for varicose veins for several reasons. First, pregnancy results in increasing the blood flow throughout the body. This puts added pressure on the veins and the valves in them. Second, many ladies tend to gain more weight during their pregnancies, which increases the pressure exerted on the blood vessels. Finally, hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause the veins’ walls broader and more relaxed. In some cases, pressure caused by expanded uterus can increase the risk of developing the condition.
The valves’ weakness, which results in varicose veins, can be heredity with venous conditions. This is because veins disease is affected by genes and environmental factors that can be inherited from one of the family members. Genes inherited from parents to the siblings can predispose conditions that can puts them at high risk of developing the disease.
There are no proven ways to prevent varicose veins completely. Improving blood circulation and muscle tone may significantly reduce the chances of developing varicose veins. Taking simple walks can also do the same. Losing 10-20 pounds can reduce risks. Simply, the key is to understand what the risks are and try to change the habits