The 5 Key Dimensions of Physical Fitness Exercises You Should Know About

When you properly engage in physical fitness exercises, your body will attain a high level of mental and physical health.

In fact, suitable aerobic fitness exercise will help you remove ‘bad cholesterol’ and increase ‘good cholesterol’. Moreover, the network that control blood supply in your body will get strengthened; the risk of many grave diseases will drastically reduce; the duration of existing illnesses will be significantly shortened; and infections will be prevented.

Yet, the 5 key dimensions of physical fitness exercises have different effects on different aspects of the body though they generally help the body achieve better state without taking drugs.

Strength (Muscular) Building Exercises

Here, the ability of muscles to carry heavy objects – lifting, pushing, and pulling – are developed as well as the basic walking, standing and general posture-related activities.

Usually, you can develop these muscles by engaging them in overload exercise and gradually increasing the amount of load you carry during exercise. For example, isometric exercise involves trying to lift or pull immovable objects (though it is not advisable for people with hypertension); isotonic exercise involves the use of dumbbells and other regular objects used in weight lifting; and isokinetic exercise is usually done by athletes and professionals.

Endurance (Muscular) Exercise

You can decide to improve the endurance of some groups of muscles in your body e.g. the leg muscles, abdominal mass, etc. This closely resembles cardio-respiratory endurance; it actually focuses on the ability of the muscles to withstand continuous, long term activities.

Flexibility Exercise

Joints are subject to ‘the law of use and disuse’ whereby they function less efficiently when not used regularly. This is particularly important to dancers. In physical fitness exercises, flexibility improves the efficiently of joints in the body. It also improves balance and posture.

Body Composition Exercise

The ratio of healthy body fat to body mass is a primary concern in physical fitness training. Body composition exercise tackles overweight, obesity and related concerns.

Cardio-Respiratory Fitness Exercise

Specifically, cardio-respiratory fitness exerciseforms the groundwork for other workouts by increasing your ability to endure work for longer periods and work more intensely. When the body draws on oxygen to perform activities, it would not have to (an-aerobically) produce lactic acid that causes muscle fatigue. More so, it has been reported that cardio-respiratory physical fitness exercise enhances lifespan and greatly reduces the risk of infections.

Consequently, it is advisable to pay a higher premium on cardio-respiratory fitness exercise since it supports your body fitness and enhances your wellbeing. Nonetheless, any of the other fitness exercises are alright depending on your own goal.

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8 Key Training Principles For Fitness and Sports Training

The 8 Training Principles are research-based guidelines that can help you accelerate your training progress and optimize your results. Knowing how to apply these principles gives you an educated basis on which you can make informed decisions about designing your fitness or sports training program. The principles can also help you evaluate the merits of fitness equipment and personal training services.

All of the principles complement each other. For best results, they should be applied in concert throughout every phase of training.

1. Principle of Specificity suggests that your body will make adjustments according to the type of training you perform and in the very same muscles that you exercise. How you train determines what you get.

This principle guides you in designing your fitness training program. If your goal is to improve your overall level of fitness, you would devise a well-rounded program that builds both endurance and overall body strength. If you want to build the size of your biceps, you would increase weight loads on bicep curls and related exercises.

2. The Principle of Overload implies that you must continually increase training loads as your body adapts over time. Because your body builds and adjusts to your existing training regimen, you must gradually and systematically increase your work load for continued improvement.

A generally accepted guideline for weight training is to increase resistance not more than 10% per week. You can also use percentages of your maximum or estimated maximum level of performance and work out within a target training zone of about 60-85% of maximum. As your maximum performance improves, your training loads will increase, as well.

3. The Principle of Recovery assets that you must get adequate rest between workouts in order to recuperate. How much rest you need depends upon your training program, level of fitness, diet, and other factors.

Generally, if you perform a total body weight workout three days per week, rest at least 48 hours between sessions. You can perform cardio more frequently and on successive days of the week.

Over time, too little recovery can result in signs of overtraining. Excessively long periods of recovery time can result in a detraining effect.

4. The Principle of Reversibility refers to the loss of fitness that results after you stop training. In time, you will revert back to your pre-training condition. The biological principle of use and disuse underlies this principle. Simply stated, If you don’t use it, you lose it.

While adequate recovery time is essential, taking long breaks results in detraining effects that may be noticeable within a few weeks. Significant levels of fitness are lost over longer periods. Only about 10% of strength is lost 8 weeks after training stops, but 30-40% of endurance is lost in the same time period.

The Principle of Reversibility does not apply to skills. The effects of stopping practice of motor skills, such as weight training exercises and sport skills, are very different. Coordination appears to store in long-term motor memory and …