The former head of Google’s artificial intelligence project in China is one of a number of ethnically Chinese scientists to be elected this year to the United States’ prestigious National Academy of Medicine.
Fei-Fei Li, a Beijing-born computer science professor at Stanford University and a Twitter board director, was among 90 new regular members announced by the academy on Tuesday as “individuals who have demonstrated outstanding professional achievement and commitment to service”.
Membership is considered one of the highest honours in the fields of health and medicine, according to the academy, which includes top infectious diseases expert Anthony Fauci among its ranks.
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Li was elected “for helping establish the field of vision-based artificial intelligence, engendering diverse high-yield medical applications, including her current innovative focus on health-critical clinician and patient behaviour recognition”.
She was a rising star at Google, where she worked as chief scientist for AI and machine learning (AI/ML) before leaving amid controversy surrounding the company’s contracts to develop AI tools for the Pentagon.
Twitter adds former Google AI chief Fei-Fei Li as board member
Leaked emails discussing the initiative, called Project Maven, prompted outrage among Google employees, who said they suggested Li – a frequent public advocate for the ethical use of AI – was more worried about the company’s public image than the ethical concerns of the technology.
Before that, she oversaw basic AI research, all of Google Cloud’s AI/ML products and engineering efforts, and a new Google AI lab in China.
Also elected to the academy was Harvard University physics professor Zhuang Xiaowei, who received her undergraduate degree at the University of Science and Technology before her postgraduate studies at UC Berkeley and Stanford.
She was recognised for “pioneering super-resolution imaging and imaging-based single-cell genomics” which helped uncover novel structures in cells, novel spatial and functional organisation of cells in tissues, and examples of how mis-regulation may cause disorders.
The Chinese researchers caught in a US academic no-man’s land
The academy also announced 10 new international members, including Wang Chen, vice-president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the country’s leading state research institution.
Wang, who also heads the state-backed Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College in Beijing, was selected for “his leadership of China’s three leading medical bodies and his impactful clinical research and medical reforms”.
Researchers in the US who are ethnically Chinese or from China have been increasingly caught in the crosshairs of deteriorating relations between Washington and Beijing, with the US government stepping up its crackdown on foreign influence in science and technology research.
In July this year, the US National Science Foundation revealed that most cases of alleged violations of American rules on foreign disclosures since 2018 had been related to China. US researchers with ties to China have also been investigated for potentially violating funding rules.
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This article Ex-Google AI chief Fei-Fei Li
SAO PAULO (AP) — Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro overruled his own health minister on Wednesday, rejecting the announced purchase of 46 million doses of CoronaVac, a potential vaccine against COVID-19 being tested in Sao Paulo state.
Health minister Eduardo Pazuello announced the purchase on Tuesday alongside Sao Paulo’s Gov. João Doria, a foe of Bolsonaro’s whose state government is participating in the vaccine’s development. The cost of the acquisition was estimated at 2 billion Brazilian reals ($360 million).
“The Brazilian people will not be anyone’s guinea pig,” Bolsonaro said on his social media channels, adding that the shot made by Chinese pharmaceutical company Sinovac is yet to finish its testing phase — which is true of all potential vaccines. “My decision is to not purchase such a vaccine.”
It is common practice for governments to purchase doses of promising vaccines, to build a stockpile in case they are proven effective. That investment is usually not refundable if the shot fails.
Brazil counts more than 153,000 deaths by COVID-19, second only to the United States. The South American nation also confirmed 5.2 million cases of the disease, the third biggest in the world, behind the U.S. and India.
Bolsonaro and Doria have had an adversarial relationship since the start of the pandemic, with each taking opposite stances regarding stay-at-home recommendations and restrictions on activity. The governor of Brazil’s most populous state heeded the counsel of public health experts and adopted such measures, which the president blasted, arguing the economic fallout could kill more than the disease.
Doria, who supported Bolsonaro’s in the 2018 elections, has distanced himself from the president and is also widely cited as a likely challenger in the 2022 vote.
Lawmaker Bia Kicis, a close ally of Bolsonaro’s, published on her social media channels another message that she said came directly from the president: “I warn that we will not buy a single dose of vaccine from China, and my administration does not maintain any dialogue with João Doria on the matter of COVID-19,” the message said.
In June, Brazil’s government announced a deal with Oxford University and pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca to purchase 100 million doses of its potential coronavirus vaccine.
A Russian woman applies moxibustion to a boy to prevent virus. Photo: Courtesy of Huang Guorong
The Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has a history of more than 20 years spreading in Russia, especially among governmental officials and businessmen. With the development of COVID-19 epidemic in Russia, TCM has been gaining recognition in preventing virus and strengthening treatment.
The Global Times has learned that the wide use of TCM, such as Lianhua Qingwen Capsule, a Chinese herbal product, to treat COVID-19 has also helped TCM gain more attention in Russia.
As early as in April, Lianhua Qingwen capsule has been approved for use in COVID-19 treatments in China. Beijing TCM authorities said the capsule can alleviate COVID-19 symptoms such as fever, cough and fatigue.
Zhang Boli, an academician with the Chinese Academy of Engineering, told the media in April that Russia is considering approving the capsule as a medicine.
A Global Times reporter in Moscow noticed that a few Russian medicine websites translated the specification of the capsule in detail and the medicine can be purchased online.
Huang Guorong, a Moscow-based Chinese doctor who graduated from the Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, said that more Russians have been trying TCM to prevent COVID-19 since the epidemic developed in the country.
“Compared with the Western medicine using antibiotic, the TCM focuses on the mediation of the whole body, which defends the body through strengthening your immunity,” he told the Global Times.
Even though there have been introductions on TCM on Russia’s TV or newspapers from time to time, and most people in the country have heard about it, only a small number have tried it.
“In Russia, TCM is not cheap,” he said. “And some kinds of herbs have not been approved by the medicine authority in Russia yet.”
But it is understood that “the rich and powerful people would recommend their friends to try TCM once they found it useful,” Huang said.
Li Yunhai, another prestigious Chinese doctor in Moscow, said some Russian officials visited TCM doctors during the epidemic for prevention and treatment.
Li has received a Russian official who suffered from high blood pressure, weakness and asthma after recovering from COVID-19. Li gave him skin scraping, acupuncture and herbs, and after one course of treatment, the official recovered.
Huang would not disclose how many clients from the high-level government officials he has received, but said they include Moscow’s district officials and members of the State Duma.
Though he has not heard if President Putin has accepted TCM treatment, he does know a Russian friend who wrote to the president’s office to advocate the use of TCM in COVID-19 prevention and treatment across the country. “But we haven’t received a reply yet,” Huang said.
Former Russian president Boris Yeltsin had a TCM therapist, Huang said, adding that the 1990s was the time when the TCM was introduced to Russia and became popular among the officials and business people, he said.
Moreover, Tibetan medicine, similar in some ways to
Traditional Chinese medicine maker soars after top respiratory expert backs drug in potentially inhibiting coronavirus
Shares of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) company jumped after receiving validation from the nation’s top respiratory expert on its drug’s effect against the coronavirus, joining two other peers that have enjoyed huge gains this year.
Guangzhou Baiyunshan Pharmaceutical Holdings soared 13 per cent to HK$21.75 in Hong Kong and by 10 per cent to 34.18 yuan in Shanghai on Friday, after Zhong Nanshan, the public face of China’s fight against the Covid-19 pandemic, said one of its products could potentially inhibit the coronavirus.
Researchers led by Zhong found that Banlangen granules, a herbal medicine popular in China for treating common cold and flu, was effective against the virus in a series of in-vitro studies, Chinese newspaper Nanfang Daily quoted him as saying during a conference on Tuesday in Guangzhou. The drug was also widely used in the country during the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (Sars) outbreak.
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Investors latched on to the hype surrounding the company even though the studies were still at an early stage and Zhong did not disclose whether or when any research paper or preclinical data will be published. The stock’s advance in Hong Kong marked its biggest daily jump since October 2018, while turnover ballooned 24 times to HK$240 million (US$31 million) from Thursday, according to Refinitiv data.
Many pointed to the speculative nature of the surge on Friday. “In-vitro studies data is usually the weakest among preclinical data,” wrote Huang Jianping, general manager at asset management firm Shanghai Leader Capital, in a post published on online stocks forum Xueqiu.
Normally, pharmaceutical companies have to go through three phases of clinical trials on humans to establish the efficacy of the drugs, on top of evidence from animal experiments, he said. “If a Nasdaq-listed company said their drug was found to inhibit the virus in in-vitro studies, the company would be despised by the market.”
China relied heavily on traditional medicine to combat the virus earlier this year. Despite the government’s efforts to promote the use of such herbal remedies abroad, experts have warned that there is not enough evidence from clinical trials to establish their effectiveness.
Why it’s so hard for China to promote the use of traditional remedies abroad to treat Covid-19
And this is not the first time Zhong’s comments have contributed to a drug maker’s fortunes. Two Shenzhen-listed TCM companies, Shijiazhuang Yiling Pharmaceutical and Tianjin Chase Sun Pharmaceutical, reaped huge profits this year, after their drugs were included in the national standard therapy for Covid-19 patients and were recommended by Zhong.
Shares of Shijiazhuang Yiling have risen 94 per cent since a March
111 to be the Omni-channel Drug Commercialization Partner of Xiangxu Pharmaceutical for Traditional Chinese Medicine
SHANGHAI, Oct. 15, 2020 /PRNewswire/ — On September 24, 111, Inc. (the “Company” or “111″) and Guangzhou Xiangxue Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (“Xiangxue Pharmaceutical”) officially signed a strategic partnership agreement (the “Agreement”) to deepen collaboration to further develop the “Internet + Medicine” model for China’s traditional Chinese medicine industry.
Per the Agreement, 111 will become an omni-channel commercialization partner of Xiangxue Pharmaceutical. Through the integration of Smart Supply Chain, digital marketing, data capabilities, and cloud services, Xiangxue Pharmaceutical will be able to promote its abundant traditional Chinese medicine products into new markets through online and offline platforms, as well as expanding into existing markets.
As the pioneer in “Internet + Medicine” platform, 111 has built China’s largest digital healthcare platform that combines both online and offline channels covering 280,000 pharmacies nationwide. In the often underserved tier 3-6 cities, 111 covers over 63% of retail pharmacies. The Agreement aims to combine the strength of 111′s omni-channel drug commercialization platform and Xiangxue Pharmaceutical’s expansive portfolio of products to drive the growth of traditional Chinese medicine. Both companies are excited to embark on this symbiotic partnership that aims further strengthen 111′s capabilities of connecting pharmaceutical companies with patients in need of their medicine.
Mr. ZHU Pengcheng, Co-COO of 111, commented that he has full confidence in this mutually beneficial partnership that leverages the expertise of both companies to service and promote the traditional Chinese medicine industry by combining 111′s leading digital healthcare platform and Xiangxue Pharmaceutical’s innovative product line. The two parties will collaborate in big data application, digital marketing of traditional Chinese medicine, brand building, and patient health management to optimize operations and better serve patients’ needs.
Mr. TAN Guanghua, General Manager of the Marketing Center of Xiangxue Pharmaceutical, commented that 111, as China’s leading digital healthcare platform, has tremendous competitive advantages in its technology-enabled Smart Supply Chain, omni-channel drug commercialization capabilities, and smart technology and integrated online-offline infrastructure that leverages the latest in AI, cloud-based solutions, and big data. The Agreement combines the expertise of both companies and he has full confidence that the strategic partnership will be a success in achieving significant annual sales growth for Xiangxue Pharmaceutical.
About Xiangxue Pharmaceutical
Xiangxue Pharmaceutical is specialized in the health industry, covering fields such as traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, Chinese patent medicine, functional healthcare products, biomedical engineering, and life science research. It has built large GAP medicinal materials planting bases and GMP production bases, building an integrated industrial chain that includes traditional Chinese medicine resources development, new drug R&D and production, advanced manufacturing of traditional Chinese medicine, and modern logistics and distribution. The company has become a leading traditional Chinese medicine modernization company with proprietary intellectual property rights, its brands and self-dependent innovation ability.
About 111, Inc.
111, Inc. (NASDAQ: YI) (“111” or the “Company”) is a leading digital healthcare platform committed to digitally connecting patients with healthcare products and services in China. The Company provides consumers with better access to pharmaceutical products and healthcare services directly through its online retail pharmacy,
Anyone who has experienced a painful injury is all too familiar with its consequences, especially the accompanying unpleasant sensation and loss of mobility. Pain is the most frequent reason for physician consultations in the United States and results in half of all Americans to seek medical care annually. Chronic pain is the third most common healthcare problem and impacts productivity, mobility, and quality of life.
Pain relates to a sensation that hurts. If you feel pain it hurts, you feel discomfort, distress and perhaps agony, depending on the severity of it. Pain can be steady and constant, in which case it may be an ache. It might be a throbbing pain – a pulsating pain. The pain could have a pinching sensation, or a stabbing one. Only the person who is experiencing the pain can describe it properly. Pain is a very individual experience.
This article highlights several of the herbal formulas and supplements we use frequently in the clinic to help alleviate acute or chronic pain
In Chinese medicine, physical injuries, whether old or new, are considered to involve a blood stasis syndrome. When something doesn't move, it creates a logjam and discomfort. The quality of the pain depends on what is being blocked-blood, Qi, yang, etc. Injuries which do not heal within a typical time-a few weeks-may become complicated by other syndromes, both constitutional (eg, blood deficiency, qi stagnation) and circumstantial (eg, invasion of wind or damp).
Often when patients complain of pain in any part of an extremity, including shoulder, elbow, wrist, knees, etc., I often pick an appropriate formula such as Pueraria 10 or Angelica 14 which may be appropriate for shoulder, neck, and head pain , with their focus on dispelling wind and regulating qi. For weakness and inflammation of tendons, Acanthopanax 10 provides pain relief and tonification to aid in strengthening activities.
For traumatic injuries such as exercise injuries, or falls I consider formulas such as San Qi 17 and Myrrh Tablets which are blood moving and blood vitalizing formulas. Both formulas include myrrh, frankincense, persica, carthamus, tang-kuei, peony (white or red), cinnamon twig, and curcuma.
Repetitive stress, old injuries, and persisting joint pain are usually treated by adding tonification along with herbs that counter the invasion of wind. Joint problems can be treated by Chiang-huo 13 for wind-damp accumulation or Drynaria 12 for deficiency syndrome.
For low back pain, I would consider a formula such as Eucommia 18 coupled with Acanthopanax 10. Eucommia 18 contains many tonifying and blood moving herbs. In many instances low back pain consists of tight or knotted muscles. The treatment principle is to remove toxins, nourish the blood and relax the muscle and tendons.
Chinese herbs, Acupuncture, cupping, massage, relaxation techniques, and dietary changes, are some of the many things you can do to help you find relief from your pain.
The use of essential oils based on Chinese medicine has proven to be an exceptional modality in gaining maximum results with clients. This ancient healing system naturally adopts the use of essential oils.
This case study will give the reader an overview of how to work with the Spleen and Stomach (Earth Element).
Two of the major pathogenic factors in Chinese medicine are Damp and Cold. These influences cause stagnation of Qi. In short, when there is stagnant qi the energy does not flow properly and the body will experience signs and symptoms that mirror this.
According to Chinese medicine a primary function of the Earth element (Spleen and Stomach) is to transform and transport postnatal qi. Our postnatal qi is associated with diet, which includes what we absorb from our environment. (Gian 2015) (1) TCM physiology states, that the Spleen ascends the pure postnatal qi and the stomach descends the impure. So, if the Qi is deficient the Spleen will not be able to do its proper job and this causes stagnation. A cardinal sign of Spleen Qi Deficiency and Stagnation is flatulence. This was the case with one of the clients, a 35 year old woman.
The below case study illustrates the healing protocols in dealing with flatulence as a symptom of Spleen Qi Deficiency accompanied by the secondary complaint of low libido.
A client had the chief complaint of excessive flatulence that worsened with cold and damp weather. Her flatulence was hard to control, and made her feel embarrassed when she was not home. The frequency could be high, as in 1 to 2 minutes per time for 10 minutes. It further complicated the condition when she drank black tea, green tea, coffee, iced tea – both hot and cold.
To a great extent, the healing protocols were done within a TCM context. I successfully treated the symptoms with the blend below:
2 drops of Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
1 drop of Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)
1 drop of Spike Lavender (Lavandula latifolia)
1 drop of Clary Sage (Salvia sclarea)
1 drop of Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) 10 ml Olive Oil
Ginger is carminative, which can help to prevent gas. It can also warm the body and improve the circulation. The high ester content is beneficial to prevent gas. It is warming, so it can help improve circulation and bring the Qi upwards. It aids digestion and tones the body. I added Spike Lavender for the purpose of removing dampness from the lungs. Clary sage is a very calming oil which can calm the CNS. It helps to relieve the stress and anxiety of my client. Additionally, it can stimulate the immune system – which can bring the body back to normal. Lavender is a calming oil which can help ease the digestive tension (which could be a leading cause to the gas emission problem of the client).
Ginger is a warming oil that assists in strengthening the Spleen and warms the Kidneys. Ginger is integral for two reasons, one …
Chinese Medicine believes that there are several types of tinnitus. These are related to different energetic issues associated with the energy flow and proper function of several organs including the kidney, liver, and gallbladder. There are always several ways that Traditional Chinese Medicine can repair a symptom or disease. The ancient art of Tuina can be used to relieve hearing loss and tinnitus. Tuina is oriental body work that may seem similar to massage with hard pressure hand movements on muscles or tendons combined with acupressure. Medical Qi Gong may also heal tinnitus for some people. Auricular acupuncture and scalp acupuncture are other options for treat tinnitus in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Moxa may be added as part of an overall treatment plan.
It is important to look at other factors which can cause or contribute to hearing loss and tinnitus. Heavy metal toxins can be a very big factor. These should have diagnostic testing and be treated with oral chelation or IV chelation in very severe cases. Oral chelation requires a longer period of time and is more gentle on the body. IV chelation requires electrolyte supplementation. It is important to have vitamin and antioxidants to support the body when undergoing any type of chelation. Carbonated beverages or beer may be connected with higher levels of aluminum in your body. Cigarettes may also contribute to ear ringing. Chelation may require four to nine months for the detoxification of heavy metals and toxins from your body. The use of far infrared sauna during this time can speed your detoxification process. Do not do more than two per week when taking chelation therapy. It is also important to drink pure water and flush your kidneys during this time.
Chinese Patent formulas that are useful in treating this disease include:
• Wai Gan Fen Re Xing (respiratory infection),
• Er Long Zuo Ci Wan (for aging of kidney and liver)
• Shen Jing Shai Ruo Wan (for insomnia, fatigue, insomnia, and tinnitus)
• Jiang Ya Wan (for dizziness, hypertension, and tinnitus)
• Da Bu Yin Wan (for nights sweats, hyperthyroidism, and tinnitus)
• An Shen Bu Xin Wan (for insomnia, memory, palpitations, and tinnitus)
• Shen jing Kui Xu Xing (kidney dysfunction)
• Pi Qi Xu Ruo Xing (abnormal spleen function)
The Japanese herbal formula Yoku-kan-san may be useful in treating tinnitus.
The addition of scalp acupuncture is great and may speed the healing process if the tinnitus is due to a deficiency condition. If the problem is an excess condition, body acupuncture and asian bodywork may be more effective. Try medical qi gong and qi gong for healing tinnitus, hearing loss, and eye problems.
© Dr R Stone, MD-India
What Are the Acupuncture Points?
The English translation of ‘acupuncture points’ is not very accurate. Acupuncture is one of the many healing methods used in traditional Chinese Medicine. It inserts fine needles into the sensitive points on the body to stimulate Jingluos (meridians) to cure diseases. These sensitive points are called ‘Shuxue’ or ‘Xuewei’ in Chinese Medicine, meaning ‘the transmitting points’. However, this name has been so widely used, there is no point to change it now for our discussion.
Acupuncture points are the responsive points or sensitive points on the meridians and other parts of the body. They are the special locations where energy is transmitted between the inner structures and the surface of the body. These spots can reflect disease or unhealthy conditions by giving forth painful sensations when touched or pressed. These points are (but not limited to) where the therapists apply treatments. When the body is deficient of positive energy, negative or harmful energy will be able to invade the body through these spots, causing illness. Stimulating the related points can boost and mobilize the positive energy, balance Yin/Yang energy and cure the disease. There are three types of points:
1. 14-main-meridian points
2. Extraordinary points
The 14-main-meridian points are the spots on the 12 main meridians plus the spots on the governor and conception vessels. Each spot has a unique name and a fixed location. They are the main acupuncture points. The extraordinary points are the points that have names and fixed locations. These locations are not on a particular meridian. ‘Yes’ points are also called pain points, but they don’t have names or fixed locations. They are the sensitive points related to the diseases. The ‘yes ‘name came from a story. When treating a patient, the doctor pressed a spot unintentionally, and the patient uttered ‘oh yes’.
There are approximately 360 acupuncture points in total on the human body. With so many tiny points to remember, one can easily be intimidated. As a matter of fact, for self -healing and caring purposes, we don’t have to memorize all these points. We only need to remember roughly 20 most used and effective points. If you need to use more points, just look for them using the meridian and acupuncture point charts. Each point has a unique and meaningful name, which gives some key information about this particular point, such as main function, usage, location, or other. In English, the English spelling of the Chinese names are directly used. For people who don’t understand Chinese, it is hard to comprehend the significance of each name and, therefore hard to remember all the foreign sounding names.The format of the international symbols for acupuncture points is fairly easy. Since most of the points belong to one specific meridian (Jing), it only makes sense that their symbols are associated with those meridians. You can take two abbreviation letters of that meridian’s name and number all the points along the way, from the starting point to the end …
In life there are many genuine reasons to grieve, to feel sad, to get angry or to feel resentful. The death of a loved one, the loss of a job, being disregarded in your work or personal life, the ongoing challenges of the material world that we live in, not feeling fulfilled, dysfunctional relationships, broken relationships, the loss of a pet… the list is almost endless.
What makes the situation even more difficult is that in today’s society we are often under so much stress that the emotion is not given permission to vent or surface properly, which can lead to other difficult emotions and stronger feelings of sadness, grief, anger etc. and it is a self perpetuating situation.
A Look At Sadness, Grieving & Western Medicine
If you are sad or grieving and you live in a "western civilised country" then you may consider going to a doctor. Friends and family may be supportive, but as the emotion/s persists you and your support group may feel there is no better option. In many cases, depending on how the patient expresses these emotions, the doctor may decide to prescribe anti-depressants to help them.
There may be some cases where as a temporary measure this can appear to help, and unfortunately many other cases where it is the slippery slope to a dependency on prescription drugs.
Of course there are also doctors who may recommend counselling or some form of talk therapy, to give the patient the opportunity to deal with and vent the emotion/s.
Regardless of the route that is chosen, Western medicine does not recognise that certain emotions are linked to specific organs, and can therefore have either a detrimental effect or a balancing effect, depending on the degree and type of emotion experienced.
Traditional Chinese Medicine Recognises Relationships Between Emotions And Organs
However traditional Chinese medicine does recognise the relationship between emotions and organs, and it is an integral aspect of how both traditional Chinese acupuncturists and herbalists practice.
Even if you have no interest in going to a traditional Chinese medical practitioner, I have found that even by observing shifts in general well being, when you understand the inter-relationships between emotions and organs, can give some helpful indications of how to begin re-balancing these imbalances.
For example, doing something creative that you enjoy can give you these type of signals. Walking in nature can also do the same, as can reading something enriching. These are only a handful of examples of potentially balancing activities. Please note that although these are helpful, it would be highly recommended to visit a good practitioner who will help you re-balance thoroughly.
In traditional Chinese Medicine there are 7 emotions which are:
Each of these is associated to a different organ or organs. Let’s look very briefly at what these are.
1. Anger which encompasses anger as we know it, as well as resentment, frustration and irritability is …